When John the Baptist criticized Herod for this, Herod threw John in prison. The metaphor here was in the opprobrious epithet applied to Herod Antipas — "that fox." But because the whole chapter feels weirdly disconnected. However, the previous year, after Vitellius made a treaty with Parthia and set off to deliver it to Tiberius, Antipas hurried to reach the emperor first with news of the treaty and took credit for its success. Pilate must have known about Herod Antipas’ longstanding wish to meet Jesus – and that Antipas was in the capital for Passover. Believing the problem solved, Archelaus and Antipas embarked for Rome. Herod Antipas, “That Fox” KING Herod the Great on his deathbed made a new will, as already noted, in which he left half of his dominion to his son Archelaus, and one fourth each to his sons Philip and Herod Antipas. Vitellius then completely abandoned his efforts to help Antipas, leaving Perea occupied. Barbara Brown Taylor, an Episcopal priest, tells in one of her sermons about a window in a small chapel at the place where Jesus wept over Jerusalem. He built three cities, two of which were significant to Jewish history and even to the life of Christ. Then, Herod gave in to the plot of Herodias and her daughter and had John beheaded (Matthew 14:6-11). Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: Luke 13:32 He said to them Go and tell (Luke Lu Lk). Antipas decided to go to Rome and appear before Gaius. Answer, bid, bring word, command. Antipas' marriage to the Nabatean princess won the favor of Aretas, but more important to Antipas, he gained security. Jesus saw straight through Antipas: The tetrarch used his intellect and power for personal gain, even if it meant putting a righteous man to death to smooth relations between himself and his spouse. Some scholars of Koine Greek (Biblical Greek) say it can mean anything from a snake to a worm. There are four different rulers referred to as Herod in the New Testament as well as Herod Philip II, who is referred to as Philip the tetrarch. Herod Was A Fox. Further, in the following March, Tiberius died, leaving the throne to his grandnephew, Gaius. History has also remembered Antipas' impact on the ancient world: his avid continuation of Herod the Great's Hellenization. Sherry Deets . Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. One day Herod went to see his brother and his wife. John 17:4,5 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do…. In terms of governance, he seems to have taken a page from Herod's example, placating whichever group needed to be appeased to keep the peace. Second person singular imperative middle voice of eido; used as imperative lo! Lo! Also during that year, the new Emperor Gaius gave Agrippa—Herodias' brother and Antipas' nephew—the region Herod Philip had ruled up until AD 34. Herod is simply the family name of a ruling dynasty in Israel. Herod married his first wife—Doris—in 47 BC while he was still the governor of Galilee. In AD 31, Antipas put to death the man about whom Jesus said, "None greater was born." 2 Lent – February 24, 2013. Herod, ever superstitious, felt that John had come back to haunt him in the person of the bold and popular preacher, Jesus. Even though Herod was a threat, Jesus didn't care. Antipas' two regions, Galilee and Perea, contained a large majority of Jews, but because of Antipas' Hellenization, he was able to direct his subjects' allegiance to Rome, resulting in relative peace in his regions and good standing in the eyes of Rome. Neuter of a presumed compound of the article ho and hemera; on the day; generally, now. In AD 30, Antipas imprisoned John. Then Herod engages in an interrogation to which Jesus refuses to respond, most likely because Antipas—"that fox"—asked questions in such a way that, if answered, would entrap Jesus. Jesus called Herod, "that fox." At first, Antipas is excited that Christ is brought before him, hoping to be entertained by a miracle. 0 Comments 0 Comments; By The Rev. To follow the chronological order of events, Antipas' involvement in John the Baptist's life must be considered first, and it begins with a theme familiar to the Herods: marriage for political interest. Some scholars of Koine Greek (Biblical Greek) … a cunning person. Herod also faced an adversary in the person of Cleopatra, the famous queen of Egypt, but his craftiness enabled him to maintain his independence from her. That is why he can do … Herod was successful in ingratiating himself to the Romans. The fact that the Greek word for "fox" is always used as a feminine, gives, perhaps, a special touch of indignant force to the original. In The Gospel According to Luke (13:32), Jesus is reported as having referred to him with contempt as “that fox.” Archelaus assumed this final will would be followed, making him king, but Antipas angled for the throne by claiming to be the rightful heir, citing his father's fifth will. Not only did Antipas eventually participate in Jesus' trial, but Antipas' regions, specifically Galilee, were the geographical context of much of His ministry. He inherited his father's political finese. Luke 13:31-35 . A primary verb; to speak or say. I have been wondering why Jesus told the Pharisees “Go and tell that fox for me . From the first Herodian ruler, Antipater, to Herod the Great's sons, the Herods were voracious for political power and desired approval by and friendship with their Roman rulers at any cost. . Herod was not a man worthy of trust or respect. On this basis Yeshua is publicly marking the lust-engorged Herod -- letting his listeners know precisely what he thought of him! Herod Antipas: 'That Fox' Article by Staff. This episode reveals much about Antipas' character. Secondly, Antipas kept John, as stated in Mark 6:20, knowing who he was, a holy and just man. Herod Antipater (Greek: Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, Hērǭdēs Antipatros; born before 20 BC – died after 39 AD), known by the nickname Antipas, was a 1st-century ruler of Galilee and Perea, who bore the title of tetrarch ("ruler of a quarter") and is referred to as both "Herod the Tetrarch" and "King Herod" in the New Testament, although he never held the title of king. Perhaps, not believing Jesus was guilty (Luke 23:14), he sent Jesus to Antipas because he did not want the guilt of wrongfully condemning an innocent Man. Herod may have had a genuine interest in hearing what Jesus has to say. His reply to their statement, ““Go away, leave here, for Herod wants to kill You” was a refusal to leave and He told them to tell that to Herod. On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. He charged, first, that his brother was not an able ruler, citing his massacre of the 3,000 as evidence; second, that he, Antipas, had more support, as nearly all of Herod's family sided with him; and third, that Herod the Great was insane when he wrote his final will, his fifth will being the last one written while sane. A notable exception was Herod Philip, whom history records to have been kind and benevolent to his subjects. It was an artifice of Herod … Herod the Great, the only one of the Herods to be formally designated ‘king’. Not that Herod was not a “fox.” He surely was. (Luke 13:31). December 4, 2020. Salome herself then argued before Augustus, in many ways costing Antipas the throne. Herod Antipas may be one of the most important secular figures during the life of Jesus Christ, for he ruled in Galilee, the region where Jesus performed the majority of His ministry. When Herod showed up in Judea to oust Antigonus and take the throne, he ended up marrying Antigonus’ niece Mariamne. An evil-spirit, demon; a heathen deity. Why? Firstly, a fox is a form of wild dog and a "dog" in the Torah is a euphemism for male (homosexual) temple prostitute. Considering these last few verses of Luke’s 13 th chapter, I think it’s worthwhile looking back at the chapter as a whole. Josephus adds that John was imprisoned because of the political threat he posed in accumulating a faithful following and proclaiming a soon-coming King. Herod's most marked characteristic was unscrupulous cunning. We all know about Herod the Great, the one who was in power when Jesus was born and who slaughtered the innocent children after the Magi told him about the Christ child, but this is his son, Herod Antipas. After both of his expectations fail to materialize, Antipas "treated Him with contempt and mocked Him." This is what some of the Pharisees warned Jesus about, even though Jesus was not in Herod’s territory but in Judaea, which was under Rome’s direct rule. He’d been told he’d better hide, Herod was after him. Herod Antipas was the son of Herod the Great and brother to Herod Archelaus. . Jesus’ reply to the Pharisees teaches us that He understood they were working with Herod. Nothing could describe Herod better than this. Answer: The name Herod comes up again and again in the New Testament from Matthew 1 to Acts 26. That Fox! Luke 9:7 Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him: and he was perplexed, because that it was said of some, that John was risen from the dead; Mark 6:14 And king Herod heard of him; (for his name was spread abroad:) and he said, That John the Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works do shew forth themselves in him. Meanwhile, Archelaus and Antipas fought in court before Augustus for the throne of Judea. Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great, played a significant role in the ministries of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ. His mother was a Samaritan named Malthace. Why call Herod… He was following a Roman law that required criminals to be tried by the governor of the region in which their offense was committed. jesus calls herod a fox “On that very day some Pharisees came, saying to Him, “Get out and depart from here, for Herod wants to kill You.” And He said to them, “Go tell that FOX, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I shall be perfected’.” (Luke 13: 31 & 32) Jesus called Herod Antipas ‘that fox’, not because Herod was cunning but because, like a fox, he was needlessly destructive. Antipas proved himself an able ruler by maintaining relative peace within his two districts. Antipas again shows his true character in Luke's short passage. 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